Relações Multiníveis e Inovação Sustentável: O Programa Veículo Elétrico da Itaipu Brasil

Andréa Torres Barros Batinga de Mendonça, Sieglinde Kindl da Cunha, Thiago Cavalcante Nascimento
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21529/RECADM.2018013

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Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar as relações multiníveis e a transição para ecoinovação a partir do caso do Programa Veículo Elétrico da Itaipu Brasil. Argumenta-se que o processo de transição sociotécnica é influenciado por relações de coevolução nos níveis micro, meso e macro. Essa temática já é recorrente em pesquisas internacionais, mas percebeu-se que no Brasil ainda é pouco difundida. Devido à complexidade de relação entre os temas e o caráter longitudinal dessa pesquisa, optou-se por uma abordagem qualitativa e exploratório-descritiva com estudo de caso em que foram coletados dados a partir da observação, entrevistas em profundidade e pesquisa documental. Os principais resultados evidenciam a importância de grandes organizações como agentes “empreendedores” e da formação de parcerias nos nichos tecnológicos como fatores que influenciam a criação das ecoinovações e que passam a modificar os valores compartilhados e as instituições dos agentes do nível meso, em um processo de influência bottom up. Além disso, as mudanças do nível macro exerceram pressão sobre os níveis meso e micro em um processo de influência top down.


Palavras-chave

multinível; transição; ecoinovação; sustentabilidade


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